How Google Could Rig the 2016 Election – POLITICO Magazine

Google’s search algorithm can easily shift the voting preferences of undecided voters by 20 percent or more—up to 80 percent in some demographic groups—with virtually no one knowing they are being manipulated, according to experiments I conducted recently with Ronald E. Robertson.

In laboratory and online experiments conducted in the United States, we were able to boost the proportion of people who favored any candidate by between 37 and 63 percent after just one search session.

Source: How Google Could Rig the 2016 Election – POLITICO Magazine

Michigan doctor launches campaign to end non-medical vaccination waivers | MLive.com

A Michigan doctor has launched a campaign to strengthen the state’s vaccination law by eliminating religious and philosophical waivers to vaccination for children attending school, preschool or daycare.

Michigan is one of a handful of states that allows parents to opt out of mandatory immunization for their children attending schools or daycares by citing religious or philosophical reasons.

Nearly half of the state’s population lives in counties with kindergarten vaccination rates below the level needed to prevent contagious diseases from spreading.

Source: Michigan doctor launches campaign to end non-medical vaccination waivers | MLive.com

Science Isn’t Broken | FiveThirtyEight

Taken together, headlines like these might suggest that science is a shady enterprise that spits out a bunch of dressed-up nonsense. But I’ve spent months investigating the problems hounding science, and I’ve learned that the headline-grabbing cases of misconduct and fraud are mere distractions. The state of our science is strong, but it’s plagued by a universal problem: Science is hard — really fucking hard.

Source: Science Isn’t Broken | FiveThirtyEight

Medicare and Medicaid at 50: Time to Check Fiscal Health – Barron’s

Medicare and Medicaid consume more than one-third of health-care spending in the U.S. Is that too little or too much?

the size of the U.S. health-care problem: If we could create a system that provided a Dutch level of benefits for a Dutch level of spending, all of our nation’s fiscal problems would vanish.

Source: Medicare and Medicaid at 50: Time to Check Fiscal Health – Barron’s

In Realtime: Saving 25,000 Manuals « ASCII by Jason Scott

a number of kind folks told me that an esteemed seller of manuals was going to be getting out of the business … It has been explained to me that they intend to throw them out next week. It’s a whole complicated story why, but it stems from the loss of the lease for the building and not enough of a business case to move it and set up another long-term storage.

But they’re being kind enough to allow me to try and take what I can, so that’s what I agreed to and what they’re up to.

These are very nice manuals, some dating back to the thirties. Many are of impeccable quality.

Source: In Realtime: Saving 25,000 Manuals « ASCII by Jason Scott

Baldwin, Michigan, Decided to Send Every Kid to College With Scholarships – The Atlantic

Residents of Baldwin, Michigan, pooled together their money to provide scholarships for everyone, and it changed the town profoundly.

nearly everybody who graduated from the high school here in June is off to a four-year college, a community college, or a technical school.

The story of Baldwin begins to answer the question: What does it look like if everyone in a community goes to college?

Source: Baldwin, Michigan, Decided to Send Every Kid to College With Scholarships – The Atlantic

 

I think the kids are more aware of their opportunities now. Before, they didn’t know what to expect after high school. Now they know.

— Sue Moore, a second-grade teacher at Baldwin’s elementary schools for 43 years before retiring in June

Presumption of stupidity – Aaron’s Blog

I’ve noticed a common bias that shows up in some founders: they believe that their competitors are stupid or uncreative. They’ll look at other businesses and identify inefficiencies or bad systems, and decide that those conditions exist because of dumb decisions on the part of founders or employees.

This is a bad belief to hold. In truth, competitors in the market are usually founded and run by intelligent people making smart and logical decisions.

Where companies do things that diverge from what seems smart from the outside, it’s a much better idea to ask why those companies are doing things from the presumption of intelligence and logic rather than the presumption of stupidity. If you don’t ask these questions, you might find yourself making the same decisions, or ending up in the same place with your own set of rationalizations.

Source: Presumption of stupidity – Aaron’s Blog

The Secret to a Great Economy – Bloomberg View

Productivity: It’s the difference between wealth and survival.

The problem is, productivity growth is slowing. … A new report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, however, paints a more nuanced picture. … looked at productivity not at the global or national level, but at the corporate level. Different companies have different technologies, different management systems and different levels of talent. … At a small number of companies, productivity growth hasn’t slowed at all.

Much of Romer’s research is about “excludability,” or the degree to which companies can stop other companies from learning their secrets. Excludability means that new technologies don’t necessarily flow from one company to another. Romer has shown that excludability is, at least in theory, very important to economic growth.

[a] possibility — one not suggested by the OECD report — is that intellectual property law is making it harder for companies to use ideas developed at other companies.

Source: The Secret to a Great Economy – Bloomberg View

 

Are bad patent and copyright laws harming productivity and economic growth?

 

I am not sure what data I would use to support my position, but I think the logic is fairly sound: Yes. Bad patent and copyright laws, written for different mediums and a different time, are harming modern productivity growth.

More and more of the world runs on computer code and algorithms. This is born out in “Programmer” job figures, tech company valuation/market capitalizations, and our daily lives (How many things did you touch today that have code inside them as compared to 10 years ago?). Unlike novels, there *is* a single best way to write a lot of code. Prohibiting people from reusing the best code, and protecting/hoarding the best algorithms with patents or as trade secrets, prevents everyone else from benefiting from that code. That is exactly what patent and copyright systems are set up to do in order to encourage investment in creating these things, but I think it is more than fair to demand an accounting of what investment would not have occurred without patent and copyright protections.

  • If some code was going to be written a month later by someone else, should the first party to file claim really get a 20-year patent and 70-year copyright on it?
  • If any expert could have written a particular code solution within a year, had they been presented the problem, then do they deserve such long-lived special legal monopoly (consider that code is obsolete and replaced on average within 18 months)?

I don’t think we aren’t protecting anything new and original which wouldn’t have been created by someone else (and gets created by someone else anyway!) within a few months. We’re instead letting people patent “Doing X *on a computer*!” and letting people claim math a trade secret.

Perhaps one way to get some data would be to examine what kind of companies are in the article’s “Frontier Firms” category, and investigating the source(s) of their income as compared to industry competitors.

  • How many patents do they have and how many bring in licensing revenue?
  • What is the education breakdown of their employees? (not everyone can hire exclusively ivy league post-doc programmers)
  • How much do their intangibles (e.g. trade secrets, brand, network effects) affect revenue?
  • How do their costs, revenue, and profit margins compare to those of other companies? What about at the product level instead of the corporate level (i.e. are certain products or services performing uncharacteristically, possibly indicating the earning of economic rents)?
  • How many competitors, and how close, do they have? (possibly indicating that having no competitors is what makes them more productive)